Greater horseshoes hibernating in a cave in Croatia (© D Hamidović, Croatian Biospeleological Society) 

Our European Bats 

Across Europe, we are lucky enough to have 45 species of bat. Globally, bats account for around a fifth of our mammal species. 
Bats are an important part of our natural heritage, and indicators of a green and healthy environment, so their future is directly linked to our quality of life and the quality of our environment. Sadly, many of our European bats are under threat and some have already become extinct in certain countries.  
In Europe, bats eat beetles, flies and moths and other insects - with the exception of one – the Egyptian fruit bat. Europe’s bats contribute to pest control and some also serve as pollinators and seed dispersers of many plants important to humans. For further information about bats species found in Europe and their conservation visit the Eurobats website

Threats to Bats 

The main threats to bats in Europe include habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation, intolerance and lack of understanding, development and persecution; leading to: 
loss of bat roosts (such as in buildings, trees, underground sites and  
loss of insect rich feeding areas, disturbance and direct persecution of bats  
BatLife Europe and our partner organisations and working together to promote the conservation of bat species and their habitats throughout Europe. Visit our partners page for information about our partners in your country and across Europe.  
Mediterranean and greater horseshoe nursery roost in a former railway tunnel  
(© D Hamidovic Croatian Biospeleological Society) 
Brandt's bat (© Hugh Clark / Bat Conservation Trust) 
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